Cinii。 コーディングマニュアル

National Institute of Informatics Library

More specifically, CIN refers to the potentially transformation of cells of the cervix. abnormal discharge• 1989 CINI has been established and has evolved since to be the standardization institute for insulation in the field of the petro chemical industry, process industry, power plants, LNG terminals etc. Like other , CIN is not cancer and is usually curable. Human papilloma virus infection is necessary for the development of CIN, but not all with this infection develop cervical cancer. CIN most commonly occurs at the of the cervix, a transitional area between the of the vagina and the columnar epithelium of the. Has nuclear hyperchromasia, appearance of syncytium of nuclei in superficial epithelium• Cochrane Gynaecological, Neuro-oncology and Orphan Cancer Group ed. A study found that there is an approximately two-fold increase in risk i. All forms are transmitted as autosomal dominant traits. In general, koilocytes appear atypical with tightly arranged perinuclear halos and high nuclear density• American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Attention : CiNii Books and Webcat Plus are not the library catalogues of our library. Typically corresponds to infection with HPV• "Cervical carcinoma and reproductive factors: collaborative reanalysis of individual data on 16,563 women with cervical carcinoma and 33,542 women without cervical carcinoma from 25 epidemiological studies". Pap smear results may be reported using the Bethesda system see above. College of American Pathology [ ] The College of American Pathology and the American Society of Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology came together in 2012 to publish changes in terminology to describe HPV-associated squamous lesions of the anogenital tract as LSIL or HSIL as follows below: CIN 1 is referred to as LSIL. see• Secondary prevention [ ] Appropriate management with monitoring and treatment is the approach to of cervical cancer in cases of persons with CIN. In young women closely monitoring CIN 2 lesions also appears reasonable. 第5章 洋図書書誌レコード 親書誌• Depending on several factors and the location of the lesion, CIN can start in any of the three stages and can either progress or regress. Infection with a high-risk type of HPV, such as 16, 18, 31, or 33• CIN is usually discovered by a screening test, the. Vaccine HPV Genotypes Protected Against Who Gets It? Progression to cancer typically takes 15 years with a range of 3 to 40 years. multiple endocrine neoplasia MEN a group of rare hereditary disorders of autonomous hyperfunction of more than one endocrine gland. Asymptomatic precursor lesion to invasive carcinoma associated with high risk HPV subtypes• The findings of low quality observational studies suggest that women receiving treatment for CIN during pregnancy may be at an increased risk of. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. Kietpeerakool C, Chumworathayi B, Thinkhamrop J, Ussahgij B, Lumbiganon P January 2017. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. A with directed biopsy is the standard for disease detection. "Dynamics of HPV16 DNA load reflect the natural history of cervical HPV-associated lesions". "2012 updated consensus guidelines for the management of abnormal cervical cancer screening tests and cancer precursors". "Prevention of cervical cancer in women with HIV". see• But about 1 woman in 5 who have never had heterosexual intercourse carries the papillomavirus. Research to investigate if prophylactic antibiotics can help prevent infection in women undergoing excision of the cervical transformation zone found a lack of quality evidence. Treatment for higher-grade CIN involves removal or destruction of the abnormal cervical cells by , , , LEEP , or. A different identifier, NII Citation ID NCID or 書誌ID or NACSIS-CAT Record ID, is used for books. International Journal of Oncology. Also, evidence suggests that cancer can occur without first detectably progressing through CIN grades and that a high-grade can occur without first existing as a lower grade. cervical intraepithelial neoplasia CIN A cancer of the cervix that is still confined to the outer layer, the epithelium, and is readily curable. Syncytial growth with lack of distinct intercellular borders in basal and parabasal layers• Research suggests that treatment does not affect the chances of getting pregnant but it is associated with an increased risk of miscarriage in the. infection of the vulva and vagina can cause or be asymptomatic.。 Insinga RP, Glass AG, Rush BB July 2004. Robbins Basic Pathology 8th ed. The purpose of this test is to detect potentially precancerous changes through random sampling of the transformation zone. CIN 2 that is negative for , a marker for high-risk HPV, is referred to as LSIL. : no cell crowding, minimal variation in nuclear size with fine chromatin and preserved polarity, uniform density throughout the epithelium, lacks abnormal mitosis• If you visit to our library, please note especially. "The 2001 Bethesda System: terminology for reporting results of cervical cytology". Please refer to for a question of various databases etc. 自分の大学が「認証機関」に所属しているかどうかは図書館などで確認しましょう。 DiSaia PJ, Creasman WT 2007. In Type I MEN I , called also , there are tumors of the pituitary, parathyroid gland, and pancreatic islet cells in association with a high incidence of peptic ulcer. Exhibit atypia in all layers of the epithelium, extent and degree of atypia exceeds the limits of that described in LSIL• 2.所属機関がなく、個人IDを取得する 大学とは関係なく個人でIDを取得することもできます。 These activities range from theoretical and methodological work through applications. CiNiiは大きく3つのジャンルがあります。 See Carcinoma-in-situ, , , , Low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia, High-grade intraepithelial neoplasia. 使い方 CiNiiの使い方は簡単です。 Mild• Kyrgiou M, Mitra A, Arbyn M, Paraskevaidi M, Athanasiou A, Martin-Hirsch PP, et al. "Endocervical glandular involvement is associated with high-grade SIL". Represents a mix of low- and high-grade lesions not easily differentiated by histology• " This system provides a uniform way to describe abnormal epithelial cells and determine specimen quality, thus providing clear guidance for clinical management. Database identifiers [ ] The database gives a unique identifier, NII Article ID NAID , to each of the journal articles in its list. The database has more than 15 million articles from more than 3,600 publications. CINI - International Standard for Industrial Insulation Throughout the World, the standard of CINI Committee Industrial Insulation is used when thermal insulation work needs to be engineered and carried out. つまり、自宅で自分のPCからでもCiNiiは利用できるということです。

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コーディングマニュアル

HPV screening happens either as a co-test with the Pap smear or can be done after a Pap smear showing abnormal cells, called reflex testing. 2 分かち書き• Therefore, screening is still recommended in vaccinated individuals. An abnormal result may lead to a recommendation for of the cervix, an in office procedure during which the cervix is examined under magnification. William; Lorenz, Douglas J; Meyer, Nicholas J; Rising, William WR; Wulff, Judith L 2013-06-06. HPV is not alone enough causative. Represents a mix of low- and high-grade lesions not easily differentiated by histology• While infection with HPV is needed for development of CIN, most women with HPV infection do not develop high-grade intraepithelial lesions or cancer. National Institute of Genetics Library It is the library section of the institute which forms "The Research Organization of Information and Systems" together with NII. Solomon D, Davey D, Kurman R, Moriarty A, O'Connor D, Prey M, et al. Frequency of screening changes based on guidelines from the Society of Lower Genital Tract Disorders ASCCP. Evidence suggests that while retinoids are not effective in preventing the progression of CIN, they may be effective in causing regression of disease in people with CIN2. "Obstetric outcomes after conservative treatment for intraepithelial or early invasive cervical lesions: systematic review and meta-analysis". National Diet Library Online Public Access Catalog NII Library is one base organization library of the SOKENDAI in Hayama. Main article: HPV vaccination is the approach to of both CIN and cervical cancer. "Evaluation of different treatment modalities for vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia VIN : CO 2 laser vaporization, photodynamic therapy, excision and vulvectomy". pelvic pain on examination• CiNiiとは CiNii(サイニー)とは、国立情報学研究所(NII)が作成している論文情報データベースです。 see• Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 12 : CD001318. Boda D, Docea AO, Calina D, Ilie MA, Caruntu C, Zurac S, Neagu M, Constantin C, Branisteanu DE, Voiculescu V, Mamoulakis C, Tzanakakis G, Spandidos DA, Drakoulis N, Tsatsakis AM March 2018. Hillemanns P, Wang X, Staehle S, Michels W, Dannecker C February 2006. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 9 : CD008478. The principal cause of is the human papillomavirus type 16, and promiscuous sexual intercourse with men is an important risk factor for cervical cancer. Some materials are available full-text. Those that are p16-positive are referred to as HSIL. International Journal of Gynecological Pathology. Some groups of women have been found to be at a higher risk of developing CIN:• The service searches from the NII databases [NII Electronic Library Service NII-ELS and Citation Database for Japanese Publications CJP ], and the databases from the of Japan, , and other organizations. Many women with HPV infection never develop CIN or cervical cancer. A is taken of any abnormal appearing areas. It can also occur in vaginal walls and vulvar epithelium. As an inter-university research institute, NII promotes the creation of a state-of-the-art academic-information infrastructure the Cyber Science Infrastructure, or CSI that is essential to research and education within the broader academic community, with a focus on partnerships and other joint efforts with universities and research institutions throughout Japan, as well as industries and civilian organizations. Most cases of CIN either remain stable or are eliminated by the person's without need for intervention. Poor diet• The database started in April 2005 and is maintained by the. Outcomes [ ] It used to be thought that cases of CIN progressed through grades 1-3 toward cancer in a linear fashion. Frequent mitosis, including atypical forms:• Rapp L, Chen JJ August 1998. "Diagnoses and outcomes in cervical cancer screening: a population-based study". Diagnosis [ ] A test for HPV called the Digene HPV test is highly accurate and serves as both a direct diagnosis and adjuvant to the all-important , which is a screening device that allows for an examination of cells but not tissue structure, needed for diagnosis. Colposcopy can be painful and so researchers have tried to find which pain relief is best for women with CIN to use. Kyrgiou M, Athanasiou A, Kalliala IE, Paraskevaidi M, Mitra A, Martin-Hirsch PP, et al. Gajjar K, Martin-Hirsch PP, Bryant A, Owens GL July 2016. May contain prominent perinuclear halo coexisting with parabasal cell atypia• The also has screening and treatment guidelines for precancerous cervical lesions and prevention of cervical cancer. Difficult to recognize on lower magnification• Martin-Hirsch, Pierre PL; Paraskevaidis, Evangelos; Bryant, Andrew; Dickinson, Heather O 2013-12-04. HIV infection• Type II MEN II , called also , is characterized by medullary carcinoma of the thyroid, pheochromocytoma, often bilateral and multiple, and parathyroid hyperplasia. 注意点 CiNiiは誰でも利用することができますが、利用区分に従って利用できる機能に違いがあるので注意が必要です。 It is the system equipped with the associative search function which can be searched including information related from the inputted keyword. Kyrgiou M, Athanasiou A, Paraskevaidi M, Mitra A, Kalliala I, Martin-Hirsch P, et al. Immature HSIL with metaplastic phenotype• 26 Suppl 10 Supplement 10 : K1-16. Our library does not have all the materials of the database publication offering in NII. Kyrgiou M, Koliopoulos G, Martin-Hirsch P, Arbyn M, Prendiville W, Paraskevaidis E February 2006. The sensitivity and specificity of this test were variable in a systematic review looking at accuracy of the test. CINI acts as the insulation focal point for principals, insulation companies, material suppliers, consultants, branch organizations, training institutes and also governmental organizations such as the Ministry of Economic Affairs. A Cochrane review found no clear evidence to show which surgical technique may be superior for treating CIN. Therefore, it is instead followed for later testing rather than treated. Beutner KR, Tyring S May 1997. 3.所属機関がなく、個人IDも取得しない 大学に所属しておらず個人IDを取得していなくても、CiNiiを利用しての論文検索は可能です。 Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 6 : CD003296. Superficial layers may show lower nuclear-cytoplasmic ratio and koilocytic change• See also: The two screening methods available are the Pap smear and testing for HPV. Cervical cryotherapy Treatment for CIN 1, mild dysplasia, is not recommended if it lasts fewer than 2 years. CIN II: Mitosis in lower two third of epithelium• Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia Other names Cervical dysplasia Positive visual inspection with of the cervix for CIN-1 Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia CIN , also known as cervical dysplasia, is the abnormal growth of cells on the surface of the that could potentially lead to. "The Lower Anogenital Squamous Terminology Standardization project for HPV-associated lesions: background and consensus recommendations from the College of American Pathologists and the American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology". The majority of these changes occur at the squamocolumnar junction, or , an area of unstable cervical epithelium that is prone to abnormal changes. Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease. 大向一輝 Ohmukai, Ikki 2012. International Journal of Cancer. External links [ ] Classification. "Detection and typing of human papillomavirus DNA in uterine cervices with coexistent grade I and grade III intraepithelial neoplasia: biologic progression or independent lesions? is graded I to III depending on the degree of severity. Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia CIN• We kindly ask you to confirm a library name which holds materials when you use CiNii Books and Webcat Plus. However, those with an HPV infection that lasts more than one or two years have a higher risk of developing a higher grade of CIN. CIN is classified in grades: Histology Grade Corresponding Cytology Description Image CIN 1 Grade I Low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion• de Villiers EM, Fauquet C, Broker TR, Bernard HU, zur Hausen H June 2004. see• Research suggests that compared to a placebo, the injection of a local anaesthetic and vasoconstrictor medicine that causes blood vessels to narrow into the cervix may lower blood loss and pain during colposcopy. The Journal of Information Science and Technology Association. Characteristic lack of reduction in nuclear density in upper layers• Nagi CS, Schlosshauer PW August 2006. International Collaboration of Epidemiological Studies of Cervical Cancer 2006-09-01. Women can develop CIN at any age, however women generally develop it between the ages of 25 to 35. External users can apply for Interlibrary Loan ILL. Artifacts: uniform nuclear enlargement and hyperchromasia, no anisonucleosis or nuclear crowding• Typically, HPV resolves on its own. It is the library section of the institute which forms "The Research Organization of Information and Systems" together with NII. Usually, when a biopsy detects CIN 1, the woman has an HPV infection, which may clear on its own within 12 months. 論文の検索方法を簡単に説明しておきましょう。 中には、本文自体へのリンクが貼られていてそこから全文を見ることが可能なケースもありますが、たいていの場合は、論文を所蔵している大学や研究機関、掲載された雑誌、学会などが表示されるので、そこから論文を入手するという流れになります。 Causes [ ] The cause of CIN is chronic infection of the cervix with HPV, especially infection with high-risk HPV types 16 or 18. Melnikow J, Nuovo J, Willan AR, Chan BK, Howell LP October 1998. 「CiNii Dissernations 日本の博士論文を探す」では、日本国内の大学、独立行政法人行政評価・学位授与機構が授与した博士論文の情報を検索できます。 Link For NII Members Contact Library Support Team Scholarly and Academic Information Division Cyber Science Infrastructure Development Department National Institute of Informatics 2-1-2 Hitotsubashi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101-8430 TEL:03-4212-2142 FAX:03-4212-2180 library[at]nii. Epidemiology [ ] Between 250,000 and 1 million American women are diagnosed with CIN annually. Our library materials are only what are displayed as "National Institute of Informatics". Cellular changes associated with HPV infection, such as , are also commonly seen in CIN. Type III MEN III , called also , resembles Type II except that parathyroid hyperplasia is rare, the mean survival time is shorter, and there may be neuromas and neurofibromas. 「日本語の論文を探すのはCiNii」と覚えておき、実際の論文やレポートの執筆に是非役立ててください。

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CiNii

Maturing HSIL Koilocytotic HSIL, CIN II :• European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology. The American Journal of Medicine. HSIL constitute three overlapping categories:• abnormal or post-menopausal bleeding• Immature HSIL with columnar differentiation• abnormal appearance or palpation of cervix. See also: There are no specific symptoms of CIN alone. Now considered to be adenocarcinoma in situ, stratified variant SMILE• 日本語で書かれた論文を探す時には、まず最初にアクセスするべきデータベースといえます。 CiNii CiNii is a service for things in Japanese academic libraries. However, a small percentage of cases progress to , typically SCC , if left untreated. Women who give birth before age 17• "Human papillomavirus and human disease". "Retinoids for preventing the progression of cervical intra-epithelial neoplasia". "Epidemiology and natural history of human papillomavirus infections and type-specific implications in cervical neoplasia". 普通の書籍や雑誌なら国立国会図書館のデータベースで検索するのが近道ですが、特に論文に特化しているデータベースがCiNiiです。 Other websites [ ] has the properties:• Normal cervical epithelium Historically, abnormal changes of cervical epithelial cells were described as mild, moderate, or severe. Of the over 100 different types of HPV, approximately 40 are known to affect the epithelial of the area and have different probabilities of causing malignant changes. また、国立国会図書館所蔵の資料であれば、NDL-ONLINE(国立国会図書館の検索データベース)を通じて閲覧や複写の申し込みをすることが可能です(ただし登録利用者のみ)。 It is thought that the high-risk HPV infections have the ability to inactivate such as the gene and the gene, thus allowing the infected cells to grow unchecked and accumulate successive mutations, eventually leading to cancer. Lately increasing in younger women secondary to changing sexual practices• Clinical Gynecologic Oncology 7th ed. Multiple sex partners• Generally, signs and symptoms of cervical cancer include:• また、抄録や引用情報(その論文が引用している論文/その論文が引用されている論文の件数が表示されるのがCiNiiの大きな特長のひとつです)は閲覧できます。 Future Value Creation through Informatics by Advancing Research and Operations in Tandem As Japan's only general academic research institution seeking to create future value in the new discipline of informatics, the National Institute of Informatics NII seeks to advance integrated research and development activities in information-related fields, including networking, software, and content. まとめ 卒業論文やレポートなどを書く際に、まずは日本語で書かれた文献を探すのは「はじめの一歩」。

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CINI standard

大向一輝 Ohmukai, Ikki 2009. Surgical treatment of CIN lesions is associated with an increased risk of or subfertility. NII Library Usage Guide Collections You can search for books and journals of our library holdings. "Classification of papillomaviruses". mild to moderate nuclear enlargement, surface maturation, minimal anisokaryosis, intercellular edema, prominent nucleoli , Ki67 confined to lower third of epithelium. Loss of maturation and cytologic atypia in the lower two thirds CIN II to full thickness CIN III epithelium• CIN III: Mitosis in all levels of epithelium• Seen in older age group than LSIL, peaks 35 - 39 years• These abnormalities were classified as squamous or glandular and then further classified by the stage of dysplasia: atypical cells, mild, moderate, severe, and carcinoma. Lack of condom use• The diagnosis of CIN or cervical carcinoma requires a biopsy for analysis. changes in bladder or bowel function• 1.認証機関(大学など)に所属している 大学全体で利用申請をしていれば、大学内の端末からはすべての機能を利用することができます。 。 。 。 。 。 。

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National Institute of Informatics Library

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論文検索システム「CiNii」の使い方

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