Corruption Risk Assessment
Examples of promising practices
- Actionability: The World Bank’s Governance Analysis Toolkit for Customs and Border Management8 combines the level of corruption risk (Corruption Opportunity Index) with an assessment of the level at which risk can be managed (Corruption Vulnerability Index) and the number of actors responsible (Governance Responsibility Index) in order to target the most important and easiest to implement governance reforms. Thus the most ‘actionable’ risks are those with a high opportunity score and low vulnerability and responsibility scores.
- Cascading approach: A number of risk assessments, especially those which relate to donor support, are undertaken in the context of a broader governance risk management framework, usually to inform country assistance strategies. One approach is to look at how risks ‘cascade’ from country-level, down to sector level and then programme/project level with the analysis at each level informing/providing context for the one below. A further step is then to assess the extent and likely success of government action to address priority risks9.
- Relationships and value chain analysis: A number of tools focus on corruption risks in terms of actors, relationships and interactions, or conduct a value chain analysis to pinpoint areas where corruption is most likely to occur10. The benefit of this approach is that it highlights specific ‘hotspots’ where action to reduce risks can be concentrated.
8 Governance Analysis Toolkit for Customs and Border Management
9 Guidelines for Implementing ADB’s Second Governance and Anticorruption Action Plan (GACAP II) - Cascading Risk Assessment Approach ▪ Deterring Corruption and Improving Governance in the Electricity Sector - Part 1: Assessing Corruption Risks
10 Transparency and Integrity in Service Delivery in Africa (TISDA) Risk Map ▪ Guidelines for Implementing ADB’s Second Governance and Anticorruption Action Plan (GACAP II) - Cascading Risk Assessment Approach